Technical information tables

Newton's first law of motion: "A body will continue in a state of rest or uniform motion in a straight line unless acted upon by a resultant force." Check out our useful data, force and speed tables.

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FORCE Standard ram base mount

(IB) FORMULA: AREA (inch2) X PSI = IB FORCE
IB FORCE / 2.2 = KG FORCE

Inch Extend Area Shaft Area Retract
1½” x ¾” 1.767 inch2 (.441) inch2 1.326 inch2
1½” x 1”   (.785) inch2 .982 inch2
2” x 1” 3.1416 inch2 (.785) inch2 2.356 inch2
2” x 1¼”   (1.227) inch2 915 inch2
2” x 1½”   (1.767) inch2 1.375 inch2
2½” x 1¼” 4.909 inch2 (1.227) inch2 3.68 inch2
2½” x 1¾”   (1.767) inch2 3.142 inch2
2½” x 1¾”   (2.405) inch2 2.504 inch2
3” x 1 ½” 7.069 inch2 (1.767) inch2 5.302 inch2
3” x 1¾”   (2.405) inch2 4.664 inch2
3” x 2”   (3.1416) inch2 3.927 inch2
3½” x 1½” 9.621 inch2 (1.767) inch2 7.854 inch2
3½” x 1¾”   (2.405) inch2 7.216 inch2
3½” x 2”   (3.1416) inch2 6.48 inch2
4” x 2” 12.56 inch2 (3.1416) inch2 9.42 inch2
4” x 2¼”   (3.976) inch2 8.58 inch2
5” x 2½” 19.63 inch2 (4.909) inch2 14.72 inch2
6” x 3” 28.274 inch2 (7.069) inch2 21.2 inch2

(KG) FORMULA: AREA (cm2) X KG/cm2 = KG FORCE

Extend Area Shaft Area Retract Area Push Tonnage Pull
21.2 inch2 (2.85) cm2 8.55 cm2 1.76 1.32
  (5.07) cm2 6.33 cm2 1.76 0.98
20.27 cm2 (5.07) cm2 15.2 cm2 3.14 2.35
  (7.92) cm2 12.35 cm2 3.14 1.915
  (11.4) cm2 8.87 cm2 3.14 1.37
31.67 cm2 (7.92) cm2 23.75 cm2 4.90 3.68
  (11.4) cm2 20.27 cm2 4.90 3.14
  (15.52) cm2 16.15 cm2 4.90 2.50
45.6 cm2 (11.4) cm2 34.2 cm2 7.06 5.30
  (15.52) cm2 30.08 cm2 7.06 4.66
  (20.27) cm2 25.33 cm2 7.06 3.92
62.07 cm2 (11.4) cm2 50.67 cm2 9.62 7.85
  (15.52) cm2 46.55 cm2 9.62 7.21
  (20.27) cm2 41.8 cm2 9.62 6.48
81.07 cm2 (20.27) cm2 60.8 cm2 12.56 9.42
  (25.65) cm2 55.42 cm2 12.56 8.58
126.7 cm2 (31.67) cm2 95.03 cm2 19.63 14.72
182.4 cm2 (45.6) cm2 136.8 cm2 28.27 21.20
Displacement Effective Area Effective Area
1½” 1.767 inch2 1.4 cm2
1¾” 2.405 inch2 15.52 cm2
2” 3.1416 inch2 20.27 cm2
2¼” 3.976 inch2 25.65 cm2
2½” 4.909 inch2 31.67 cm2
2¾” 5.939 inch2 38.32 cm2

Speed

FORMULA IMPERIAL : IMP GMP X 4.616 = INCHES / SEC, AREA (INCH 2), TRAVEL SPEED

DIA Piston DIA Area IMP GPM INCHES/SEC @ 1GPM
1½” 1.767 inch2 2.6
2” 3.1416 inch2 1.44
2½” 4.909 inch2 .94
3” 7.069 inch2 .636
3½” 9.621 inch2 .48
4” 12.56 inch2 .367
5” 19.63 inch2 .235
6” 28.274 inch2 .156
Displacement    
1.767 inch2 2.6
2.405 inch2 1.92
2 3.1416 inch2 1.44
3.976 inch2 1.66
4.909 inch2 .94
5.939 inch2 .77

FORMULA METRIC: 1/MIN X 166.66 = MM/SEC, AREA(CM 2), TRAVEL SPEED

Area METRIC = MM/ SEC @ 1 L/MIN
11.4 cm2 14.6
20.27 cm2 8.2
31.67 cm2 5.3
45.6 cm2 3.6
62.07 cm2 2.7
81.07 cm2 2.0
126.7 cm2 1.3
182.4 cm2 .9
Displacement  
11.4 cm2 14.6
15.52 cm2 10.7
20.27 cm2 8.2
25.65 cm2 6.5
31.67 cm2 5.3
38.32 cm2 4.3

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